Chronology of Robin Hood Payments by School Districts in Map of Texas
Senate Bill 7 of the 1993 Texas Legislature enacted equalized wealth (also commonly referred to as Robin Hood) provisions in Chapter 41 of the Texas Education Code. Under the provisions, school districts designated as property wealthy are required to share their local Maintenance and Operations (M&O) tax rate revenue with districts that are property poor. Most school districts choose to purchase attendance credits from the state (Option 3) or contract to educate nonresident students from a partner district (Option 4).
Aggregate Robin Hood payments were $131 Million for school year (SY) 1993-1994 (Deer Park ISD made the largest payment in SY 1993-1994 of $34.4 Million) and increased to an aggregate of $1.1 Billion for SY 2011-2012 (Austin ISD made the largest payment for SY 2011-2012 of $133.2 Million). For school year 2012-2013, the Texas Education Agency notified another 23 school districts about their Robin Hood status, increasing the total number to a record of 374 school districts (one-third of the school districts state wide).
Click on the map (Flash format) below to view the chronology of the location of school districts across Texas that have made Robin Hood payments and the relative amounts of payments.
The legend shows millions of dollars in payments by individual school districts.
To access more information about Chapter 41 provisions posted on the Texas Education Agency web site, click on the link below.